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[德语教材] ultimate german pronunciation guide 德语语音指导 (PDF+音频)

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one 发表于 2020-9-10 18:53:53 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
LESSON NOTES
Ultimate German Pronunciation
Guide S1 #1
Introduction to Perfect German
Pronunciation

VOCABULARY
German English Class Gender
nicht not adverb
Apfel apple noun masculine
Rost grill noun masculine
Rübe turnip noun feminine
Schmarrn rubbish noun masculine
Zahl number noun; feminine, die
Kuchen cake, pie noun masculine
beamtet to beam verb
füllt to fill verb
über about preposition
Fuß foot noun masculine
Seele soul noun; feminine, die
Öl oil noun neutral
oder or
conjunction; used as
“isn’t it?”-type
question at the end
of a sentence.
Hölle hell noun; feminine, die
Wasser water noun neutral
Bahn
rail, course, lane,
[bowling] alley noun; feminine, die
SAMPLE SENTENCES
Das habe ich nicht gesagt!
I didn't say that!
Du bist nicht mein Vater!
You aren't my father!
Eine meiner Liebl ingsfrüchte ist der
Apfel .
One of my favorite fruits is the apple.
Viele Deutsche verwenden gerne
Elstar- Äpfel für ihren Apfelkuchen.
Many Germans like to use Elstar apples
for their apple cake.
Meine Mutter macht unglaubl ich
leckere Apfelkuchen.
My mother makes incredibly delicious
apple pies.
Möchtest du Orangensaft oder
l ieber Apfelsaft?
Do you want orange juice or rather apple
juice?
Sol len wi r einen Kuchen z u seinem
Geburtstag vorberei ten?
Shall we prepare a cake for his birthday?
Meine Mutter macht unglaubl ich
leckere Apfelkuchen.
My mother makes incredibly delicious
apple pies.
Ich mag keine Geschichten über
Bären.
I dislike stories about bears.
Lass uns noch einmal über die
Sache reden.
Let's talk about this thing once more.
Viele Phi losophen fragten sich, ob
die Seele unsterbl ich sei .
Many philosophers wondered if the soul
was immortal.
Ich muss doch nicht al les auf
einmal bez ahlen, oder?
But I don't have to pay everything at once,
do I?
Reicht eine J acke oder brauche ich
einen Mantel?
Is a jacket enough or will I need a coat?
Der Einkaufsbummel am
verkaufsoffenen Sonntag entpuppte
sich als die reinste Höl le.
Shopping on an open-shop Sunday turned
Und der Kahn sol l uns wi rkl ich hei l
über das Wasser bringen?
And this barge is really supposed to bring
us savely over the water?
Ein Glas Wasser ohne Kohlensäure
bi tte!
A glass of water without carbonation
please!
Die Bahn kommt nie pünktl ich!
The train never arrives on time!

GRAMMAR
The Focus of this Lesson is Mastering the Bui lding Blocks of German
Pronunciation
German is a Germanic language, which means it has the same origin as English, Dutch, Danish, Swedish and the like. This also means that it is comparatively easy to learn if you know one of these languages. You will recognize a lot of words and expressions, and even some of the structures are similar. However, English has evolved independently, too, and grown simpler in some respects, so that there are parts of German grammar that will be foreign to you.
It's often been said that German pronunciation is one of the easier aspects of the language. And guess what - it's true! But it still takes some practice, and we're here to help you with it. We'll introduce you to the ins and outs of German pronunciation and show you how it matches with and differs from English pronunciation.
Sounds and Syl lables Let's first take a look at how German sounds work. The German writing system uses eight vowels (the basic -a, -e, -i, -o, and -u and the umlauts -ä, -ö, and -ü) and twenty-two consonants (-b, -c, -d, -f, -g, -h, -j, -k, -l, -m, -n, -p, -q, -r, -s, -t, -v, -w, -x, -y, -z, and Eszett ß). This makes a total of thirty letters, but German uses more sounds than letters.
Since German is a pluricentric language, there are a number of pronunciation variations of standard German, though they agree in most respects. Although German is made up of letters from the Latin alphabet, German, like many other languages including English, uses the concept of syllables.
The German language arranges letters in blocks of syllables to form words. A syllable is usually made up of one or some consonants and one vowel, but some of them contain only one vowel. For example, Lehrer (syllabic: Leh-rer), meaning "teacher," consists of two syllables, with each one being made up

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